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THE SIMPLE PRESENT or THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

4-  THE SIMPLE PRESENT or THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS 

Şimdi bu iki tense'i karşılaştıralım.

a) Konuşmanın geçtiği anda ya da o sıralarda yapmakta olduğumuz işleri Present Continuous ile (I am doing) ; genelde yaptığımız işleri, alışkanlıklarımızı ise Simple Present ile (I do ) anlatırız demiştik.

Father is in his room now. He is resting. (now) 

Father always rests in his room in the afternoon. (simple present)

I want to concentrate on my studies. That's why I’m not playing volleyball this year.

I usually play volleyball at the weekend. I don't play on weekdays.

b) Bazı fiiller sürerlik bildiren tense'lerle (I am doing, I was doing, I have been doing. etc.) kullanılmazlar. Bu fiiller, konuşma sırasında bizzat yapılmakta olan bir eylem (action) bildirmezler, durum ifade ederler.

"I'm writing now." ifadesinde, write fiili bir eylem bildirir. Yani benim şu anda yapmakta olduğum bir işi ifade eder.

"I know English." ifadesinde ise know fiili bir eylem bildirmez. Yani, kişinin yapmakta olduğu bir işi değil,statik bir durum bildirir.

Durum bildiren fiillerin şimdiki zaman ve geniş zaman için kullanımları aynıdır.

When I get up in the morning, I want to drink something immediately.              (simple present)

I'm very thirsty. I want to drink something. (now)

People need money in order to live. ( simple present)

 I need some money. Can you lend me some? ( now )

 

PROGRESSIVE (CONTINUOUS) TENSE'LERLE KULLANILMAYAN FİİLLER


1-

 

DÜŞÜNMEYE İLİŞKİN FİİLLER ( MENTAL STATE )

 

think *

suppose

believe

imagine

 

realize

notice

recognize

know

 

understand

feel

doubt

remember

 

forget

want

need

prefer

 

mean

 

 

 

 

2-

 

DUYGU BELİRTEN FİİLLER (EMOTIONAL STATE)

 

love

hate

like

 

dislike

appreciate

detest

 

loathe

fear

envy

 

mind

care

desire

 

wish

forgive

 

 

 

3-

 

SAHİPLİK BİLDİREN FİİLLER ( POSSESSION )

 

 

possess                   have *                    own

 

belong

 

4-

 

DUYU FİİLLERİ ( SENSE PERCEPTIONS )

 

 

see *                          hear                           smell*

 

taste *                       feel *

 

5-

 

DİĞER DURUM BİLDİREN FİİLLER

 

 

look *

seem

appear*

 

 

owe

cost

weigh *

 

 

be *

exist

advise

 

 

promise

refuse

contain

 

 

consist of

include

sound

 

*Yanında yıldız olan fiiller, farklı bir anlamı taşıdıkları zaman, sürerlik bildiren tense'lerle kullanılırlar.


NONPROGRESSIVE ( DURUM BİLDİREN)   or   PROGRESSIVE ( EYLEM BİLDİREN )


think    'sanmak, zannetmek'    anlamındaysa progressive tense'lerle kullanılmaz; 'düşünmek' anlamındaysa kullanılır.

I think she is a student.

I think they will visit us next week.

I'm thinking about going abroad next year.

She isn't, listening to the lesson now. She is thinking about her family.

 

see   'görmek' anlamındaysa ' -ing' almaz; 'görüşmek ' anlamındaysa ' -ing ' alır.

Right now, I'm looking out of the window. I see a lot of cars in the street and lots of people.

The doctor is seeing his patient now.

The manager is seeing one of the applicants now.

 

smell 'kokmak' anlamındaysa ' -ing' almaz; 'koklamak' anlamındaysa ' -ing' alır.

 

This perfume smells very nice.

These flowers smell awful. I can't keep them in the kitchen.                                       Look! Mother is smelling the flowers.

 

have *     sahiplik bildiriyorsa, progressive tense'lerle kullanılmaz. Ancak, başka bir sözcükle birleşip eylem bildiriyorsa kullanılır.

Sorry, I can't lend you any money, because I don't have much now.               She has two brothers.

She is having breakfast now:

Father can't come to the phone. He is having a bath right now.

* Sahiplik bildiren 'have, has' ' have got, has got ' biçiminde de kullanılır.

I have two sisters.

I don't have any brothers.

She has a car.

She doesn't have a bike.

Do you have any nephews?

Yes, I do.

No, I don't.

Does she have a boat?

Yes, she does.

No, she doesn't. 

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

= 

I have got two sisters. 

I haven't got any brothers.

She has got a car. 

She hasn't got a bike. 

Have you got any nephews? 

Yes, I have. 

No, I haven't. 

Has she got a boat? 

Yes, she has. 

No, she hasn’t.

 

taste   Bir nesnenin tadından söz ediyorsak '-ing' almaz: 'tadına bakmak' anlamındaysa alır.

This soup tastes awful. I can't eat it. (Çorbanın tadı berbat.) The dinner looks bad but tastes delicious.

(Yemeğin görüntüsü kötü ama tadı güzel.)

What are you doing here in the kitchen?         I'm tasting the meal.

feel      Bir   nesnenin   bize   verdiği   duyguyu   ifade   ediyorsa   ya   da   'sezinlemek,   ummak' anlamındaysa  '-ing'  almaz.

This pillow feels very hard. (=This pillow is very hard. /Bu yastık çok sert.)

I feel something bad will happen.                                                                           (Kötü bir şeylerin olacağını hissediyorum/sezinliyorum.)

'hissetmek' anlamındaysa ' -ing '  alabilir.

I feel better today, = I’m feeling better today. ( Bugün kendimi iyi hissediyorum. )

look     'gibi görünmek' anlamındaysa ' -ing '  almaz; 'bakmak'  anlamındaysa   ' -ing '  alır.

You look ill. You'd better go home and take a rest. That ladder doesn't look safe.

Why are you looking out of the window? Is there something interesting?

I'm looking at you carefully but I don't understand what you are trying to do.

appear  'gibi görünmek' anlamındaysa '-ing' almaz:  'ortaya çıkmak' anlamındaysa '-ing ' alır.

The teacher appears to be in a bad mood today.        She appears to be bored with the film.

Look! Ali is appearing from where he has hidden.

weigh    Bir nesnenin ağırlığını söylerken  '-ing'  almaz; 'tartmak'  anlamındaysa  '-ing'  alır.

The baby is getting fatter. She weighs six kilograms. The butcher is weighing the meat now.

be         'be'   fiilinin present biçiminin am, is, are   olduğunu ve 'şimdiki zaman'  ve 'geniş zaman' için aynı biçimde kullanıldığım daha önce ifade etmiştik.

I am hungry. I want to eat something.  (now)

When I am very tense, I prefer to have a walk to relax.    (general)

'be'    fiili, konuşmanın geçtiği sırada bir değişimi vurguluyorsa, bazı sıfatlarla Şimdiki Zaman yapısıyla  ( am/is/are being) kullanılır.

‘You are very rude.'  (Çok kabasın.)   ifadesi kişinin genelde kaba biri olduğunu belirtir.

'You are being rude.' (Kabalaşıyorsun.)    ifadesi ise kişinin konuşma sırasında kaba davrandığını belirtir. 'Kabalık' genel bir özelliği olmayabilir.

c) 'live'   fiili ile sürekli oturduğumuz yeri ifade ediyorsak, geniş zaman kullanılır.

— Where do you live?                                              — Where do your parents live?

— I live in Istanbul.                                                  — They live in Germany.

Ancak, geçici olarak ikamet ettiğimiz yeri şimdiki zamanla belirtiriz.

I moved to Istanbul only two weeks ago, and I'm living with my relatives for the time being.

 

EXERCISE

   Use either the Simple Present or the Present Progressive of the verbs given in parentheses.

 

1-          Many qualified nurses (leave) ........................ the profession these days because of the terrible working conditions.

2-          This week we (sell) ........................ these scarves for five pounds, although we (normally, charge) ........................ six pounds fifty for each.

3-          I (never, hear) ........................ the telephone ring when I (be) ........................ in the attic.

4-          Jack is lucky. He (listen) ........................ to Brahms's music live at the Albert Hall at this very moment while we (sit) ........................ here in the office listening to the BBC orchestra on the radio.

5-          The dinner is nearly ready. Mum (taste) ........................ the soup now. Normally we  (wait) ........................ for Dad to arrive home, but we (eat) ........................ early today because we (go) ........................ to the theatre tonight.

6-          Look! The waiter (wear) ........................ a stained shirt and they (not, collect)........................ the dirty plates. No wonder few people (come) ........................ here any more.

7-          Today, three Scottish villages (mourn) ........................ the death of seven local men at sea.

8-          As a rule, I (wash) ........................ my car on Sunday at my mother's house, but today I (take) ........................ it to the car wash machine as I (not, have)........................ time to wash it myself.

9-          Every year many people (move) ........................ from the North of England to the prosperous South.

10-      This powdered pudding is strawberry flavour, but actually, it (not, taste) ........................ fruity at all.

11-        A: I (always, see) ........................ Brian eating junk food like sweets and nuts. ................. he (ever, not, eat) ................. anything healthy, such as fruit or vegetables?

B: No. In addition, he (not, get) ........................ any exercise either.

12-        The globe (get) ........................ warmer and warmer, which (raise) ........................ the sea-level.

13-      The blood pressure of a healthy person (vary) ........................ with exercise and emotional stress.

14-      Lasers (emit) ........................ a narrow, intense beam of light in a single direction.

15-      Every year, I (fill)  ................... a few little bags with lavender and (put)........................ them in the drawers where I (keep) ........................ my linen because it (smell) ........................ so nice.

16-      The grief we (experience) ........................ at this sad moment is indescribable.

17-      What lovely quality this baby outfit is! It (feel) ........................ nice and thick.

18-      Fresh strawberries (always, taste) ........................ good here. They (remind) ........................ me of home.

19-      This week British Airways (send) ........................ thousands of people a voucher worth 20% off any flight to Europe.

20-      A: What is that strange noise on the telephone line?

B: Sorry, Mum. I (use) ........................ the Internet.

21-      Generally speaking, traffic (cause) ........................ pollution and the constant increase in traffic day by day (cause) ...................... more and more air pollution.

22-      Paul (think) ........................ joining the European Union will lead to disaster, but I (not, agree) ........................ with him.

23-      Leeds United (usually, play) ........................ in a white football strip, but today they (play) ........................ in green because their opponents' strip is white.

24-        A: You (look) ........................ very worried. I (hope) ....................... nothing bad has happened!

B: Well, I've broken Grandma's favourite cup, and now I (think)....................... about how to explain it to her.

25-      My mother (not, like) ...................... anybody else in her kitchen while she (cook)................

26-      Don't worry about your dog. The veterinary surgeon (feel) ........................ his legs to check that nothing is broken.

27-      The restaurant is full of workmen. They (redecorate) ........................ it.

28-        A: Where is Sandra?

B: She (smell) ........................ every perfume in the shop, but in fact, she (not, have)........................ enough money for any of them.

A:  Oh, that's typical of her! Whenever we (go) ........................ to the shops, she (try) ........................ on countless clothes, and then, (leave) ........................ without buying anything.

29-      It's not fair! While I (work) ........................ here in rainy England, Kate and Richard (lie) ........................ on the beach in sunny South-Africa.

30-      The National Health Service (not, provide) ........................ the necessary level of care at the moment due to the flu epidemic.



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