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THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

 

6-  THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE  

 

6-1   FORM

 

Affirmative

 

 

Negative

 

Interrogative

 I was working. 

                                       You were studying.  

 He/She/It was eating lunch.

 We were laughing.     

 You were talking.     

 They were arguing.

 

 I wasn't working.   

 You weren't studying.     

 He/She/It wasn't eating lunch.

 

 We weren't laughing.    

 You weren't talking.   

 They weren't arguing.

 

 Was I working?

 Were you studying?

 Was he/she/it eating lunch?

 

 Were we laughing?

Were you talking?  

   Were they arguing?

 

 

Where were you living this time last year?  

       I was living in İzmir.

What were you doing at 9 p.m. last night?

                         I was watching television.     

                                                   

6-2 USE OF THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE 

 

a)        Bu tense'i, geçmişte belli bir noktada yapmakta olduğumuz eylemleri anlatırken kullanırız.               This time last year, this time last winter, at this hour yesterday, yesterday at 3 o'clock                   etc. bu tense ile sık kullanılan zarflardır.

This time last summer, I was lying on the beach in Bodrum, but now I'm working hard to finish this project

What were you doing at noon last Saturday?                        I was playing football with friends.

 

b)        Past Continuous (I was doing) ile Past Tense (I did) arasındaki kullanım farkına dikkat ediniz.

Eğer, geçmişte tamamladığımız bir eylemden sözediyorsak Simple Past Tense kullanırız. (Önemli olan belli bir zamanda 'Neyapıyordum?" değil, "Neyaptım?"dır. )

What did you do last night?

I watched television first, then studied English.

Eğer, geçmişte tamamladığımız bir eylemi değil de, sözü edilen zamanda yapmakta olduğumuz işi anlatıyorsak, Past Continuous Tense kullanılır. (Önemli olan "Ne yaptım?" değil, "Ne yapıyordum?" dur. )

What were your parents doing when you got home last night?                 They were waiting for me to eat dinner with them.


 

c)        Sürerlilik    bildiren    tense'Ierle    kullanılmayan    fiiller    (non-progressive    verbs),    Past Continuous Tense ile de kullanılmazlar.

I already knew the news about him.

( Ben onunla ilgili haberi zaten biliyordum.)

She thought that I would go to the party as well.

( Partiye benim de gideceğimi zannediyordu.)

The flowers looked nice yesterday, but now they are fading.

 

d)        Geçmişteki alışkanlıklarımızı ya da sık   sık yaptığımız eylemleri Simple Past Tense ile

anlatırız.

 

I went to the cinema very often when I was at university.

 

cümlesini Türkçe'ye iki şekilde çevirebiliriz.

"Üniversitedeyken sinemaya çok sık giderdim." ya da "Üniversitedeyken sinemaya çok sık gidiyordum," (Bu cümledeki "gidiyordum" ifadesi ilk anda Past Continuous Tense gibi görünse de, geçmişte belli bir noktada, devam etmekte olan bir eylemi değil de, genelde olan bir eylemi anlattığı için Simple Past Tense kullanmamız gerekir.)

When he was young, he played football in the school team.                    ( general in the past)

When I saw him yesterday, he was playing football.               (a specific point in the past)

 

e)        Geçmişte bir eylemi, başlangıç ve bitiş zamanını   belirterek anlatıyorsak, Past Continuous Tense kullanırız. (Bu tür cümlelerde Simple Past Tense kullanmak da mümkündür.)

I was watching a film on television from nine until eleven last night.                           He was working as an accountant from 1985 to 1989. 

 

f)        WHEN   and WHILE    SENTENCES 

Past Continuous Tense "when" ve "while" cümlelerinde çok sık kullanılan bir tense'dir. Geçmişte devam etmekte olan bir eylem sırasında bir başka eylem olmuşsa, bu durumu şu cümlelerle ifade ederiz.

I was eating dinner when the guests arrived.

( Konuklar geldiğinde yemek yiyordum.)                 I hurt my leg while I was playing football.              ( Futbol oynarken bacağımı incittim. )


WHEN

 


I-       "When" ile kurulmuş bir zarf cümleciği (adverbial clause), genellikle temel cümledeki (main clause) eylemin devam etmekte olduğu zamanı açıklar. "Bir eylem olduğunda bir başka eylem oluyordu" biçiminde bir anlam taşır.Bu nedenle "when" in bağlı bulunduğu cümlede Simple Past, temel cümlede ise Past Continuous kullanılır.


          

        When he came,                    I was studying. ( O geldiğinde ben ders çalışıyordum.)

            adverbial                                       main

         clause                                               clause

 

 

I was reading when he came.          

         When I went out, it was raining.

They were arguing when I entered the room.          

        (Ben içeri girdiğimde, tartışıyorlardı.)

 

When   +   Simple Past   ,   Past Continuous

 

II-      "When"  arka arkaya yapılmış eylemleri anlatmak için de kullanılır. Bu durumda her iki cümlenin de tense'i Simple Past'dır.

 

When he arrived, we went into the cinema.

( First he came. Then we entered the cinema.)  

           (O gelince, sinemaya girdik.)

When he left work, he got on a bus and went home.

When the teacher asked a question, I raised my hand to answer it.

 

When   +   Simple Past   ,   Simple   Past

 

 

WHILE

 

I-      "While" cümleciği genellikle, temel cümledeki eylem sırasında devam etmekte olan bir başka eylemi anlatmak için kullanılır. Bu nedenle, "while" m bağlı bulunduğu cümle Past Continuous, temel cümle ise Simple Past'dır.

            While I was studying,                   He came in. ( Ben ders çalışırken o geldi.)

                          adverbial                                  main

                            clause                                    clause

 

I left home while my parents were sleeping.

I took a photograph while you weren't looking.

 

While   +   Past Continuous   ,   Simple   Past

 

II-      "While"   cümleciği, temel cümledeki eylemle aynı anda olan bir eylemi anlatmak için de kullanılır. Bu durumda her iki cümle de Simple Past Tense ile kurulur.

I sang while I washed the dishes.

( Bulaşıkları yıkarken şarkı söyledim.)

She watched me while I made the cake. ( Kek yaparken beni izledi.)

I waited outside while she had an interview.

(O görüşme yaparken ben dışarıda bekledim.)


While   +   Simple  Past ,   Simple   Past

III-    "While" birbirine paralel devam eden iki eylemi anlatmak için de kullanılır.

While the teacher was lecturing, the students were talking among           themselves. (Öğretmen   ders   anlatırken   öğrenciler   kendi   aralarında konuşuyorlardı.)

I was studying while everybody at home was sleeping.

(Evde herkes uyurken ben ders çalışıyordum.)

 

                While   +   Past Continuous,   Past Continuous

 

IV-     "While" ile aynı anlamı veren bir diğer bağlaç “as” dir.

While I was coming here, 1 ran into an old friend.

As I was coming here, I ran into an old friend.

I had a look at the old magazines while / as I waited at the doctor's.

"Just as", daha vurgulu bir anlatımdır.

The postman came just as I was leaving home.       (Tam ben evden çıkarken, postacı geldi.)                           Just as I sat down at the table, the phone rang.             (Tam masaya oturdum ki telefon çaldı.)

 


EXERCISE   8    :    Use either the Simple Past or the Past Continuous of the verbs in parentheses.

1-     While the hairdresser (dry) ........................ my hair, the hairdryer (blow)

........................up. There were sparks everywhere.

2-     Tim (teach) ........................ English in Turkey this time last year, but he (return) 

........................ to Canada in January.

3-     My uncle (walk) ........................ his dog every day until it (die) ........................

because of food poisoning last month.

4-     When I (smell) ........................ something burning and (rush) ........................ to the

kitchen, it was too late. The fire (spread) ........................ rapidly, so, instead of

trying to put it out myself, I (dash) ........................ back to the living room and

(phone) ........................ the fire brigade.

5-     While I (dust) ........................ the dining room table, I (knock) ........................ a vase

full of flowers over, but fortunately, it (not, break) ........................ .

6-    This time yesterday, we (decorate) ........................ the guest room. Thankfully, it is

now ready for our guests.


7-     When the robber (shoot) ........................ the man, he (shake) ........................

erratically for awhile before he  (fall) ........................ to the ground.

8-     Just as we (sit) ........................ down for a snack in the airport restaurant, they

(announce) ........................ our flight.

9-     When the fire brigade (arrive) ......................... we (beat) .................. back the flames.

10-  He (rip) ........................ the sleeve of the jacket while he (try) ........................ it on.

11-   I (work) ........................ all day on Saturday, so I was unable to collect the chair, but

luckily the shop (keep) ........................ it until Monday for me.

12-  The clock (stop) ........................ when the power (go) ........................ off, and,

because it is the only clock at home, I (have) ........................ no idea what the time

was when I (wake) ........................ up the next morning.

13- A: Why .............you (take) ................... the ball away from the boys?

B: Because they (kick) ........................ it over Mrs. Smith's wall.

14- Janet (look) ........................ after our daughter while we (have) ........................

dinner with our friends.

15-   She (see) ........................ the perfect chair for the dining room in a shop window as

she (walk) ........................ to the bank.

16-  Yesterday, we (run) ........................ into Jim while we (go) ........................ to the

beach. He (go) ........................ to the cinema, but, at our insistence, he (change)

........................ his mind and (join) ........................ us.

17-  The police (burst) ........................ into the room while the criminals (exchange)

........................ the drugs for the money. They are all in jail now.

18- When we (arrive) ........................ at the park, our friends (feed) ........................ the

ducks in the pond.

19-  He (find) ........................ the article about his grandfather by accident, when he

(research) ........................ the war for an essay.

20-   Around this time yesterday. Jack's mother (worry) ........................ whether he was

dead or alive because she hadn't heard anything about him after the train crash had been reported on TV.

21-  Margaret (seem) ........................ really happy at the party last night, but Peter (tell)

........................ her something just as they (leave) ......................... and then she

(sulk) ........................ . I wonder what the problem was!                                                                    

22-   As she (pour) ........................ the tea out, she (spill) ........................ some on the

table.

23-   Mrs. Green (injure) ........................ her finger while she (cut) ........................ some

roses from the bushes in her garden.

24-  When Sheila was young, she (play) ........................ the drums in the school band.

25-  He (bang) ........................ his head on the low beam as he (go) ........................ down to the basement.

 

 

EXERCISE   9    :    Complete the sentences with the Simple Past or Past Continuous of the

verbs in the list. Use each word only once.

allow                         arrange              bleed 

wrap                          cheat                  design 

dream                        enjoy                   feed 

move                          pay                      rise

sink                            step                     throw

1-     Because the wound on Simon's leg ................. heavily at the time, we rushed him to

hospital.

2-     When the police intervened, the opposing fans ................. things at each other.

3-     She ................. the flowers nicely in a vase and then placed the vase in front of the

window.

4-     The boss ................. everyone to go home early on New Year's Eve.

5-     Fortunately, they managed to rescue the passengers and the crew before the ship              .................

6-     A: Are you all right? You screamed.

B: Yes, thanks. I................. about vampires.

7-     I broke the little glass animal as I ................. it up in a piece of paper.

8-     It took me some time to go and answer the phone because I ............... the baby just

then and couldn't leave her at once.

9-     All of a sudden, a girl................. in front of my car, and I could barely brake in time.

10-  It took me an hour to find out he wasn't honest, and ................. all the time. At that

point, I refused to play any more.

11-  We ................. £300,000 for this house, you know!

12-   He ................. martial arts when he was younger, but he is no longer interested in

them.

13- They ................. it in the style of a traditional farm house and I like the results.

14- The water in the river ................. so rapidly at the time that we all thought a flood

was inevitable.

15-  We ................. into the city to be nearer our work.

 

 

EXERCISE   10 :    Complete the sentences with the Simple Past or Past Continuous of the

verbs on the list. Use each word only once.

 

bake                              contain                    cost
defend                            fall                         sign
polish                            rise                          sing
sip                                   kneel                      telephone
find                                attend                     worry

1-     As children, both my sister and I ................. ballet courses, but neither of us

became a professional.

2-    We were clearing the weeds out of the pond when Sarah ................. into the water.

3-     I couldn't concentrate on my work while I ................. how my daughter in hospital

was.

4-     Jes walked to Lucy's table, ................. down in front of her and asked her to marry

him.

5-     She ................. her wine when he suddenly asked her to marry him.

6-     The holiday ................. much more than expected, so we'll have to economise for a

few months to make up for the excess.

7-     She called the doctor the minute her baby's temperature ................. to a critical

level.

8-    While we were cleaning grandmother's house, she ................. cakes for us.

9-     I wasn't certain it was her birthday, so I ................. her mother to ask.

10-  From the expression on his face during the exam, it was obvious that he .................

the questions rather difficult.

11-  When we .................. the agreement for the flat, the landlord handed us the keys.

12-   The boxer never recovered fully from the time his opponent knocked him out while he ................. his championship title.

13-   When I walked past his house, he ................. his car again.

14- When we left, the rest of the family ................. popular songs.

15-   My grandmother's living room ................. so much furniture that we could hardly

move inside.

 



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